Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute

Library Guide for ARTH 554:

Critical Texts in Art and Urban Modernity,


Professor Hollis Clayson, Fall 2005


Karen Bucky, Collections Access & Reference Librarian


In this online version of the Library Guide, hyperlinks have been made to databases and websites where possible.  If a connection to a database does not work, connect to the Clark Electronic Resources page and try to connect from there.  For most databases, authorized connection is by IP range and therefore is only possible from within the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute or Williams College libraries.



Finding Background Information:

General Reference Sources


Arts of the Nineteenth Century. Volume One: 1780 to 1850. William Vaughan. Translated from the French by James Underwood. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1998.

Arts of the Nineteenth Century. Volume Two: 1850 to 1905. Edited by Francoise Cachin.  New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1998.

Documents the innovations and discoveries of the turbulent years of the 19th century, and the flowering of the arts (painting, sculpture, graphic arts, decorative arts, and architecture and planning) that resulted.  The book is not a social history of art, nor is it merely or only an aesthetic evaluation; it is "an attempt to illustrate and shed light on the variety, profusion, and inexhaustible fecundity" of art from 1780 to 1905.  Lavishly illustrated. Includes short biographies of important 19th-century figures (not just artists) and a bibliography.

Clark Stacks N6450 V38a



A Bibliography of Modern History. John Roach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

To be used with the New Cambridge Modern History (below), which does not contain bibliographies. Still useful despite its seemingly ancient publication date. No annotations. Cutoff date is generally 1961.  Includes a subject index.

Sawyer Reference D208 .N4 Suppl.



Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas. Edited by Philip P. Wiener. New York: Scribner, 1973–74.

Lengthy articles covering a wide range of topics in intellectual history, with an emphasis on interdisciplinary, cross-cultural focus. Entries are grouped in 7 large topical areas: 1) ideas about the external order of nature studied by the physical and biological sciences, 2) ideas about human nature, 3) ideas in literature and the arts, 4) ideas about or attitudes to history, 5) development of economic, legal, and political ideas, 6) religious and philosophical ideas, and 7) formal mathematical, logical, linguistic, and methodological ideas. Bibliographies included.  See also references and an index volume link and provide access to related topics. Compare with the New Dictionary of the History of Ideas, below.

Clark Reference CB5 D52 (vols. 1–5)

Sawyer Reference CB5 .D52 1973 (vols. 1–5)



Encyclopedia of Aesthetics. Edited by Michael Kelly. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Alphabetically arranged essays on people, concepts, periods, theories, issues, and movements in the history of aesthetics. Time periods covered range from ancient aesthetic traditions to the present, but the central focus is on Western aesthetics from their inception in the early 18th century in Europe to the present, dealing with questions about how key aesthetic issues "such as appropriation, autonomy, beauty, genius, iconology, ideology, metaphor, originality, semiotics, sexuality, taste, and truth" have evolved. Substantial bibliographies.

Clark Reference BH56 E53 (vols. 1–4)

Sawyer Reference BH56 .E53 1998 (vols. 1–4)



Encyclopedia of European Social History from 1350 to 2000. Edited by Peter N. Stearns.  New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2001.

Two hundred-plus articles, arranged in topical subject sections, on European social history. Sections include periods of social history (e.g. the early modern, the French Revolution and Empire, the 19th century), cities and urbanization, work, culture and popular culture, modern recreation and leisure, and everyday life. Includes bibliographical references, and an index.

Sawyer Reference HN373 .E63 2001 (vols. 1–6)



Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era, 1760–1850. Edited by Christopher John Murray. New York: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2004.

A cultural encyclopedia that aims to be "a broad-ranging guide to the profound changes in thought, sensibility, and expression that occurred during this…revolutionary period…whose principal concerns—liberty, the individual, revolution and nationalism, nature, history and human identity—provided the foundation for the modern world." Entries include bibliographies.

Clark Reference N6450 A1 E63 (vols. 1–2)



Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century. Edited by Paul Finkelman.  New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2001.

Alphabetical listing of articles, in themselves not substantial but providing a respectable overview and with good bibliographies. Examples include advertising, political cartoons, civil rights, class, consumerism, labor movement, merchandising, museums, newspapers and the press, working-class culture, work.

Sawyer Ref E169.1 .E626 2001



The New Cambridge Modern History, Volume IX: War and Peace in an Age of Upheaval, 1793–1830. Edited by C. W. Crawley. London: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

The New Cambridge Modern History, Volume X: The Zenith of European Power, 1830–70. Edited by J. P. T Bury. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967.

The New Cambridge Modern History, Volume XI: Material Progress and World-Wide Problems, 1870–1898. Edited by F. H. Hinsley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

These three volumes give a large-screen overview of world history during the 19th century. All three volumes include chapters on economic conditions, science and technology, literature, education, social and political developments, wars and revolutions, and art and architecture; also chapters on individual countries including Britain, France, the U.S., and Germany. It might be instructive just to browse chapter headings to get a sense of the events and issues of the period. For bibliographies, see A Bibliography of Modern History, above.

Clark Reference D208 N2

Sawyer Reference D208 .N4



New Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Edited by Maryanne Cline Horowitz. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2005.

A wholesale update of the 1973 Dictionary of the History of Ideas (above). Contains all new, original entries that address topics in the fields of history, anthropology, and women's studies; philosophy and religion; politics, law, and economics; area and ethnic studies; the literary, visual, and performing arts; communication and cultural studies; and science, engineering, and medicine. The NDHI focuses not only on ideas themselves, but also on the cultural environments within which those ideas arose, and "on their influence far in time or place from site of origin." Compare the old and New DHI on such topics as the city, modernism, cinema, and visual culture.

Clark Reference D21 N48



Nineteenth-Century European Art. Petra ten-Doesschate Chu. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2003.

Examines 19th-century art in the light of various evolutions: art as imitation of nature versus art that asserts itself as artifice, changing ideas about the function of art, changing relationships between the artist and the public, changes in artists' attitudes towards nature, the influence of non-Western art forms, and the impact of new technologies. Includes a timeline and chapter-by-chapter bibliography of primary and secondary sources.

Clark Stacks N6450 C396




Sources on Selected Course Themes


The following materials may help to provide background information or supplementary material for some of the themes that will be explored in this course.


Nineteenth-Century Art


The Art of the July Monarchy: France 1830 to 1848. Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri-Columbia. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Clark Stacks N6847 M57 1989


Frascina, Francis, et al. Modernity and Modernism: French Painting in the Nineteenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Clark Stacks ND547 M64


Groseclose, Barbara. Nineteenth-Century American Art. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Clark Stacks N6510 G76


Herrmann, Luke. Nineteenth-Century British Painting. London: Giles de la Mare Publishers, 2000.

Clark Stacks ND467 H44n


Mancini, J. M. Pre-Modernism: Art-World Change and American Culture from the Civil War to the Armory Show.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Clark Stacks N6512 M3285


Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide: A Journal of Nineteenth-Century Visual Culture.  Association of Historians of Nineteenth-Century Art, 2002–.

Clark Electronic Journal; connect via online catalog


The Restless Century: Painting in Britain, 1800–1900. London: Phaidon, 1972.

Clark Stacks ND467 G3r


Weisberg, Yvonne M. L., and Gabriel P. Weisberg. The Realist Debate: A Bibliography of French Realist Painting, 1830–1855. New York: Garland, 1984.

Clark Reference Z ND547 W45



Modernism and Modernity


Berman, Marshall. All that is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity. New York:  Simon and Schuster, 1982.

Sawyer Stacks CB425 .B458


Buchloh, Benjamin H.D. et al., eds. Modernism and Modernity: The Vancouver Conference Papers. Halifax: The Press of the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, 2004.

Clark Stacks N6447 M63 2004

Sawyer Stacks N6447 .M63 1983


Calinescu, Matei. Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism. Durham, NC:  Duke University Press, 1987.

Clark Stacks N6490 C23 1987


Childs, Peter. Modernism. London: Routledge, 2000.

Sawyer Stacks NX454.5 .M63 C48 2000


Crary, Jonathan. Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, c1990.

Clark Stacks  N6450 C59


Drucker, Johanna. Theorizing Modernism: Visual Art and the Critical Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.

Clark Stacks N6490 D78

Sawyer Stacks N6465 .M63 D78 1994


Frascina, Francis, and Charles Harrison, eds. Modern Art and Modernism: A Critical Anthology. New York: Harper and Row, 1982.

Clark Stacks M6490 M63


Frascina, Francis, and Jonathan Harris, eds. Art in Modern Culture: An Anthology of Critical Texts. New York: Harper-Collins, 1992.

Sawyer Stacks N6490 .A722 1992


Harrison, Charles. Modernism. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Sawyer Stacks N6447 .H37 1997


Harrison, Charles, and Fred Orton, eds. Modernism, Criticism, Realism. New York: Harper and Row, 1984.

Clark Stacks N6490 M65

Sawyer Stacks BH39 .M56 1984


Harrison, Charles, and Paul Wood, eds. Art in Theory 1815–1900: An Anthology of Changing Ideas. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1998.

Clark Stacks N70 H365

Sawyer Stacks N6450 .A779 1998


Modernism/Modernity [E-journal]

Clark/Williams Electronic Resource (Project Muse)


Schorske, Carl E. Thinking with History: Explorations in the Passage to Modernism.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, c1998.

Clark Stacks N72 S45

Sawyer Stacks CB204 .S37 1998


Winks, Robin W., and Joan Neuberger. Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815–1914.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Sawyer Stacks D358 .W683 2005



The City


Frisby, David. Cityscapes of Modernity: Critical Explorations. Cambridge and Malden, MA: Polity Press in association with Blackwell, 2001.

Sawyer Stacks HT119 .F75 2001


Hall, Thomas. Planning Europe's Capital Cities: Aspects of Nineteenth-Century Urban Development. London and New York: E & FN Spon, 1997.

Sawyer Stacks NA9183 .H2813 1997


Miles, Malcolm, et al., eds. The City Cultures Reader. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Sawyer Stacks HT151 .C5822 2000


Olsen, Donald J. The City as a Work of Art: London, Paris, Vienna. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Clark Stacks NA970 O48c

Sawyer Stacks NA970 O47 1986


Schultz, Stanley K. Constructing Urban Cultures: American Cities and City Planning, 1800–1920. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.

Sawyer Stacks HT167 .S284 1989



New York


Homberger, Eric. Historical Atlas of New York City: A Visual Celebration of Nearly 400 Years of New York City's History. New York:  H. Holt, 1994.

Sawyer Reference F128.3 H65 1994


Lankevich, George L. American Metropolis: A History of New York City. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Sawyer Stacks F128.3 .L355 1998


Scobey, David M. Empire City: The Making and Meaning of the New York City Landscape.  Philadephia: Temple University Press, 2002.

Sawyer Stacks Ht168 .N5 S35 2002


Voorsanger, Catherine Hoover, and John K. Howat, eds. Art and the Empire City: New York 1825–1861. New Haven: Yale University Press, c2000.

Clark Stacks N6535 N4 N48 2000





Chambers, Frances. Paris. Santa Barbara, CA: Clio Press, 1998.

Sawyer Reference DC707 .C46 1998


Gluck, Mary. Popular Bohemia: Modernism and Urban Culture in Nineteenth-Century Paris. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Clark Stacks N6850 G58

Sawyer Stacks NX549 .P2 G58 2002


Harvey, David. Paris, Capital of Modernity. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Clark Stacks N6847 H378

Sawyer Stacks  DC715 .H337 2003


Prendergast, Christopher. Paris and the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1992.

Sawyer Stacks PQ283 .P75 1992





Arnold, Dana, ed. The Metropolis and Its Image: Constructing Identities for London, c1750–1950. Malden, MA:  Blackwell, 1999.

Clark Stacks N1 A675  vol. 22 (1999)

Sawyer Stacks DA676.85 .M47 1999


Clout, Hugh, ed. The Times London History Atlas. New York: Harper Collins, 1991.

Sawyer Reference DA679 .L78 1986


Dyos, H. J., and Michael Wolff, eds. The Victorian City: Images and Realities. London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.

Clark Stacks NA9185  D9 (vols. 1–2)

Sawyer Stacks NA9185 .D9


Olsen, Donald J.. Town Planning in London: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Clark Stacks NA970 O48 1982



Early Cinema/Photography


Hecht, Hermann. Pre-cinema History: An Encyclopaedia and Annotated Bibliography of the Moving Image Before 1896. Edited by Ann Hecht. London: Bowker Saur/BFI, 1993.

Clark Stacks NE2606 H43 


Johnson, William S. Nineteenth-Century Photography: An Annotated Bibliography, 1839–1879. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990.

Clark Reference Z NE2609 J64

Sawyer Reference TR15 .J64 1990


Mannoni, Laurent. The Great Art of Light and Shadow: Archaeology of the Cinema.  (Translation of Le Grand Art de la Lumiere et de l'Ombre.)  Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2000.

Clark Stacks NE2609 M36

Sawyer Stacks TR848 .M27413 2000


Nadeau, Luis. Encyclopedia of Printing, Photographic, and Photomechanical Processes: A Comprehensive Reference to Reproduction Technologies, Containing Invaluable Information on over 1500 Processes. Frederickton, New Brunswick, Canada: Atelier Luis Nadeau, 1994.

Clark Reference NE850 A1 N32 1994





Cross, Gary. A Social History of Leisure Since 1600.  State College, PA: Venture Publications, 1990.

Sawyer Stacks GV45 .C767 1990


Stern, Madeleine B., ed. Publishers for Mass Entertainment in Nineteenth-Century America. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1980.

Chapin Library Z473 .A1 S7p





Brake, Laurel, Bill Bell, and David Finkelstein, eds. Nineteenth-Century Media and the Construction of Identities.  New York: Palgrave, 2000.

Sawyer Stacks  PN5124 .Pr N56 2000


Henson, Louise, et al, eds. Culture and Science in the Nineteenth-Century Media.  Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004.

Sawyer Stacks PN5124 .S35 C85 2004


McDonough, John, and Karen Egolf, eds. The Advertising Age Encyclopedia of Advertising.  New York:  Fitzroy Dearborn, 2003.

Sawyer Reference HF5803 A38 2003  (3 vols.)


Mott, Frank Luther. A History of American Magazines. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1938–68.

Sawyer Stacks PN4877 .M6 (vols. 2–5)


Williams, Emelda L., and Donald W. Hendon. American Advertising: A Reference Guide.  New York: Garland Pub., 1988.

Sawyer Stacks HF5823 .W55 1988



Literature/Literary Theory


Encyclopedia of Literary Critics and Criticism. Edited by Chris Murray. London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999.

Sawyer Reference PN86 E63 1999


The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism, 2nd ed. Edited by Michael Grodin et al. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Sawyer Reference PN81 J554 2004





Ehrlich, George. Technology and the Artist:  A Study of the Interaction of Technological Growth and Nineteenth-Century American Pictorial Art. University of Illinois: Ph.D. Thesis, 1960.

Clark Stacks N6512 E47


Feenberg, Andrew. Alternative Modernity: The Technical Turn in Philosophy and Social Theory. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Sawyer Stacks HM221 .F384 1995


Fox, Robert. Science, Industry, and the Social Order in Post-Revolutionary France.  Aldershot, Hampshire, Great Britain and Brookfield, VT: Variorum, 1995.

Sawyer Stacks T26.F8 F66 1995


Francastell, Pierre. Art and Technology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.  Translated by Randall Cherry. New York:  Zone Books, 2000.

Clark Stacks N8217 M32 F73 E


Tucker, Jennifer. Science Illustrated: Photographic Evidence and Social Practice in England, 1870–1920. Johns Hopkins University: Ph.D. Thesis, 1996.

Clark Stacks NE2643 T83


Wosk, Julie. Breaking Frame: Technology and the Visual Arts in the Nineteenth Century.  New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992.

Sawyer Stacks N6450 W67



Online Catalogs/Union Catalogs



The Clark Online Catalog

Francis is the Williams College online catalog. In addition to material at Williams and the Clark Library, you also have access through Francis to the BLC Virtual Catalog, a union catalog of the holdings of other New England libraries such as Brown, the Boston Public Library, Boston University, University of New Hampshire, and University of Massachusetts.  Materials found through BLC can be requested electronically through the Williams ILL department. 

The following list of subject headings may provide some good starting points for searching any online or union catalog.


Aesthetics, Modern – 19th century

Art, Modern – 19th century – [country]

Art and society – History

Avant-garde (Aesthetics) – Europe – History

Cities and towns – [country] – History

Communication and culture – History – 19th century

Europe – Intellectual life – 19th century

Europe  – Social life and customs – 19th century

Frankfurt school of sociology

Mass media and culture – History – United States

Modernism (Aesthetics)

Modernism (Art) – Europe

Photography – 19th century

Popular culture – History – 19th century

Social classes – [country] – History

Society and art

Technology – social aspects – [country] – 19th century

Urbanization – Europe – History

Visual communication – History



Union Catalogs

Eureka and WorldCat are databases that represent the holdings of thousands of libraries worldwide. Materials not available in the Clark or Williams libraries can be requested through Interlibrary Loan. Connect to these union catalogs on the Clark Electronic Resources page, or through Francis.

WorldCat's member libraries run the gamut of types of libraries: public, academic, research, special, and some larger school libraries. The database is larger and includes "popular" materials sometimes not available on Eureka.

Eureka's member libraries are the major research libraries; the database is smaller but often includes scholarly material not available on WorldCat.


Local/Art Library Catalogs

Check the Clark Electronic Resources page, under Local and Art Library Catalogs, to search the holdings of major academic, research, and art libraries around the world. Examples include the Getty, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Gallery, New York Public Library, Dartmouth, Harvard, Yale, and many more.



Indexes to Secondary-Source Articles and Books


These indexes can be used to find secondary-source material: articles, dissertations, and books published (mostly) after about 1980. One exception is Science Citation Index, which covers journals back to 1900 and might therefore be a source for primary-source material on for instance late-19th-century technology.


America: History and Life

Historical Abstracts

These two databases index scholarly articles, dissertations, and book reviews in the field of history and culture. AHL covers North America (United States and Canada), from prehistory to the present; HA covers world history, excluding the United States and Canada, from 1450 to the present. They are produced by the same company, and once logged into one database, you can switch to the other by clicking a button on the sidebar. Hotlinks will take you to articles in e-journals owned by Williams.

Journal coverage is from 1954 to the present.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Art Abstracts

Art Index Retrospective

Indexes to articles in fine arts journals, book reviews, and articles in museum bulletins for any period or genre of art, from classical antiquity to the present. Subjects such as archaeology, architectural history, museum studies, and the decorative arts are also included.

 AA covers from 1984 to the present, with abstracts from 1994; AIR covers 1929 to 1984.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI)

Science Citation Index (SCI)

Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)

(Click "Go" button for "Web of Science" in small print on initial screen to enter database. Be sure to deselect the databases you don't want before searching.) Citation databases can be used to do subject searches, but their power lies in cited reference searching. Starting with an important author or influential source, you can retrieve articles that cite that source, thus allowing you to trace an idea or influence forward in time. You can also find articles that cite the same material.   

Journal coverage is from 1900 to the present (SCI), 1975 to the present (AHCI), and 1956 to the present (SSCI). 

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals

Index to journals in archaeology, architecture, furniture, urban design, historic preservation, landscape architecture and urban planning history. 

Coverage: 1930s to the present, with selective coverage dating back to 1860s.

Clark Electronic Resources



Bibliography of the History of Art (BHA)

Provides citations and abstracts for materials on European and American art from late antiquity to the present. Indexes journal articles, books, essays, conference proceedings, and exhibition catalogs in the field of art history. Covers mostly visual arts.  BHA merges three databases: Bibliography of the History of Art (1990 to the present), International Repertory of the Literature of Art (1975–1989), and Repertoire d'Art et d'Archeolgie (1973–1989). To search further back in time, or to search the print version, see the titles below.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources

Bibliography of the History of Art. Santa Monica: J. Paul Getty Trust, Getty Art History Information Program, 1991–. [Library has 1991–1999]

Clark Reference Z5937 B54

RILA = International Repertory of the Literature of Art. New York, College Art Association of America, 1975–1990. [Library has 1973–1989]

Clark Reference Z5937 R5

Répertoire d'Art et d'Archéologie. Paris: Bibliothèque d'art et d'archéologie, 1910–1989. [Library has 1910–1989]

Clark Reference ZN5300 R46



Dissertation Abstracts

Indexes U.S., Canadian, British, and some European theses and dissertations from academic institutions in North America and Europe from 1861 to the present. Abstracts for dissertations were added to the database in 1980; abstracts for theses in 1988. Dissertations can be an especially rich source for materials on a subject, and they include exhaustive bibliographies. Most dissertations can be obtained on Interlibrary Loan in microformat.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Humanities Abstracts

Index to scholarly journals in the humanities, including archaeology, classical studies, folklore, history, journalism, literature, music, performing arts, philosophy and religion. 

 Coverage is from 1980 to the present. For earlier coverage, consult the print indexes in the Sawyer Reference section: Humanities Index (1974– ), Social Sciences and Humanities Index (1966–1974), and International Index (1907–1965).

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



International Index to the Performing Arts (IIPA)

Index to popular and scholarly journals covering dance, film, drama, television, the arts and entertainment industry, stagecraft, magic, musical theatre, and performance art. Abstracts from 1998 forward. 

Coverage is from 1964 to the present.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



MLA Bibliography

Indexes journals, monographs, working papers, proceedings, and other formats in the fields of languages, literature, linguistics, and folklore; also includes articles on film studies and film reviews. 

Coverage is from 1963 to the present.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Philosopher's Index

Indexing and abstracts from books and journals of philosophy and related fields, covering the areas of ethics, aesthetics, social philosophy, political philosophy, epistemology, and metaphysic logic as well as material on the philosophy of law, religion, science, history, education, and language. 

Coverage is from 1940 to the present.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Readers' Guide Retrospective

Tried-and-true index to a wide variety of U.S. and Canadian general-interest periodicals and popular, non-technical magazines. Think creatively when searching; subject headings are limited and so you are essentially searching for title keywords.

Coverage is from 1890–1984.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Indexes to 19th-Century Materials


Index to 19th-century American Art Periodicals

Index to "nearly all" art journals published in the United States between 1840 and 1907. Each issue is indexed completely, including articles, art notes, illustrations, stories, poems, and advertisements. 

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources




Indexes and provides the full text of 47 core history and social science journals from their first issue to the last 1 to 5 years, including several journals that go back to the late 1800s/early 1900s (see the following select list).

Williams College Electronic Databases and Indexes


American Historical Review 1895–1999

American Journal of Sociology 1895–2000

Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 1890–1998

Economic Journal 1891–1998

Geographical Journal 1893–1998

International Journal of Ethics 1890–1938

Journal of Political Economy 1892–2000

Mind 1876–1996

Philosophical Review 1892–2000

Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 1838–1998

Quarterly Journal of Economics 1886–1998

Yale Law Journal 1891–2000



London Times Digital Archive 1785–1985

Searchable full-text archive. Contains scanned images of the full London Times including advertisements, editorials, reviews, stock exchange tables, and weather reports. The Sunday edition is not included.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



New York Times Historical

Full text of the New York Times, 1851–1999. "Document type" dropdown box allows searching by type of article (feature, editorial, stock quote, review, etc.) It's a good idea to limit a search to searching citation and abstract, and you can also limit by time period.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Nineteenth Century Masterfile

Collection of indexes to a variety of 19th-century publications, including English and American books, government documents, and journal and newspaper articles (e.g. the New York Times, Atlantic Monthly, and Harper's). Citations only.

Clark Electronic Resources page



PCI (Periodicals Contents Index), 1770–1993

A major retrospective electronic indexing project that covers mainly scholarly and academic journals in the humanities and social sciences from their beginnings to the 1990s. Citations only. 

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Pro-Quest Index to Historical Newspapers

Indexes (among other titles) Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, and Boston Globe. Can search for advertisements. Full-text. Coverage varies from publication to publication.

Williams Electronic Indexes and Databases



Online Resources


ARTFL Databases

Research tool for scholars in all areas of French studies. Texts, reference works, bibliographies. Texts range from classic works of French literature to various kinds of non-fiction prose and technical writing. The 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries are about equally represented, with a smaller selection of 17th century texts and some medieval and Renaissance texts.

Clark/Williams Electronic Resources



Internet Library of Early Journals

Joint project by the universities of Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester, and Oxford to digitize 20-year runs of three 18th-century journals (Gentleman's Magazine, Annual Register, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society) and three 19th-century journals (Notes & Queries, The Builder, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine). Browse journals or search individual titles.



Making of America Journals: 19th Century

MOA is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through Reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. The collection currently contains the full text of approximately 8,500 books and 50,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints.



The Nineteenth Century in Print: The Making of America in Books and Periodicals

Part of the Library of Congress American Memory project; integrates the two parts of the Making of America project at Michigan and Cornell.  Books and periodicals published mostly during the latter half of the 19th century. Subject areas include education, American history, sociology, psychology, and science and technology. Periodicals include Harper's Weekly, Atlantic Monthly, New Englander, North American Review, Punchinello, and Scientific American. Full text. Searchable by keyword, author, title, and subject.




Internet Resources



Categorized links to philosophy resources on the Internet. Click on "Topics" for listings of sites on different time periods and subject areas, or click on "Philosophers" for listings of websites, reference materials, and web pages on specific people.



History of Household Technology

Library of Congress "tracer bullet" page with links to books, dissertations, indexes, bibliographies, websites, and many other sources of information on household technologies.



The History of Paris:  A Select Bibliography

On the Society for French Historical Studies' H-France website; compiled by Phillip Whalen.  Lengthy bibliography includes sections on general reference works, historical surveys and overviews, documentary/film/cinema, urbanization and architecture, and many others.



History of the Frankfurt School

Somewhat lighthearted website with links to articles on the people associated with the Frankfurt School: Walter Benjamin, Herbert Marcuse, Jurgen Habermas, Max Horkheimer, and Theodor Adorno, among others.  Also includes links to "important philosophical notes" and other philosophy websites.  Not very scholarly, but not a bad introduction.



Internet Resources for the History of Science and Technology

University of Delaware gateway site to sources in history of science and technology; points to resources in the history of astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering, medicine, physics, and other disciplines.  Links to government sites, museum sites, libraries and archives, universities, and societies and associations.



The Victorian Web

Detailed, well-organized website on 19th-century Victorian Britain, with information and links to other sites in the areas of political and social history, philosophy and religion, science and technology, and the arts and popular entertainment.  Includes e-texts and a bibliography.



Voice of the Shuttle

Multi-disciplinary gateway website to web resources, many of them produced at academic institutions, in virtually every academic discipline. Click "History" and check through sites listed under Europe (for example, under "French Revolution" the section on Image Resources lists some interesting possibilities).  Check also the  "Science, Technology, and Culture"  link, a gateway to many resources. Search VoS for "Frankfurt school" to find links to information on the Frankfurt school, Adorno, Benjamin, Marcuse, and others.



To find more Internet resources in European and U.S. history, check the following two books: 


Trinkle, Dennis A., and Scott A. Merriman, eds. The European History Highway: A Guide to Internet Resources. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2002.

Lists and annotates hundreds of sites determined to be "reliable and useful sources for the serious study of history." Chapters on general history, general European history, British/German/French/Italian history. Also includes chapters on maps and images, libraries, archival and manuscript collections, special collections, and an online reference desk section of megasites and online reference tools.  Accompanying CD-ROM contains the contents of the book as PDF files with live links.

Sawyer Reference D16.117 .E97 2002



——.  The U.S. History Highway: A Guide to Internet Resources. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2002.

Lists and annotates sites determined to be "reliable and useful sources for the serious study of history." Chapters on early American history (1783–1860), the Civil War, and the Gilded Era and Progressive Era; also on the American West, women's history, and other branches of study. Includes listings for state historical societies, maps and images, libraries, archival and manuscript collections, special collections, and an online reference desk of megasites and online reference tools.   Accompanying CD-ROM contains the contents of the book as PDF files with live links.

Sawyer Reference E175.88 .T75 2002


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